Ted Sullivan, Baseball’s Fullest Resume
Timothy Paul Sullivan
It is an extensive project to even begin to chronicle Ted Sullivan’s movements. We all can “pin down” the biggest names in the game. Take a contemporary like Clark Griffith for example. We can basically divide his career into various eras, roughly denoted by year and organization, such as:
1869, birth in Missouri, childhood in Missouri and Illinois
1888, Bloomington Reds
1888-90, Milwaukee Brewers
1891, American Association
1892, Western United States
1893-1900, Chicago Cubs
1901-02, Chicago White Sox
1903-08, New York Highlanders
1909-11, Cincinnati Reds
1912-55, Washington Senators
The chronological logic of Griffith’s career makes it easier to study and easier to grasp his surrounding and his relative place in history. This is not the case with Sullivan.
Sullivan’s movements cannot be pinpointed. In any given period he was all over the map. In one single calendar or fiscal year Sullivan can be located (well he really can’t be located for long at least) in Texas founding the Texas State League. He might also have a hand a founding a similar league on the other side of the country, say in Virginia. And, he might still be doing the same elsewhere. He also might be promoting exhibition games for the upcoming Texas State Fair.
He never stayed in any one place for long. He would continue on by railcar or wagon to still other locales. He was constantly on the lookout for ballplayers, like everyone else. But Sullivan was doing a two-fold job. For one, he was always organizing a team or entire league, so he needed men for himself and his business associates. Other the other hand, he was the game’s foremost and widest-traveled talent scout. Major and minor league executives would telegraph (and later call) with a need and then Sullivan would be off to some remote region of the country to help them fill it.
It is no stretch to say that Sullivan had more contacts within the industry than any man would prior to the days of mass communication. It’s not even close. Every corner of the country was touched on a regular basis. And, that’s just his promotional, administrative and talent-seeking work in the minor leagues. He was also a valued confidant of John Brush, Garry Herrmann, John McGraw, Ned Hanlon and his life-long friend Charles Comiskey, to name just a few.
For each, he performed numerous tasks – and that’s beside the slew of players he signed for each. For Herrmann, he became the National League’s scout, not just the Reds. Sullivan was hired during the American League war to scout AL players and minor league talent during the era when the National Agreement was suspended.
For Hanlon, Sullivan acted as an advance man and scoped out potential sites for international exhibitions in Europe and Latin America. He also took jaunts across the Atlantic Ocean to recruit rugby and soccer players for U.S. exhibitions and possible league formations. He also examined the economic possibilities of American tours at home and abroad.
Sullivan merged McGraw and Comiskey with the result being the World Tour of 1913-14. He also performed numerous tasks for each in promoting not only the Giants and White Sox individually but the game as a whole on a national and international level.
Sullivan is also hard to track on a personal basis in existing databases. Born Timothy Paul, Sullivan was universally referred to as Ted, even by his family; thus, does one locate him by Timothy, Ted, Theodore or T.P.? Secondly, Sullivan is a very common name and generates numerous hits during the search process. Thirdly, in the databases he can easily be found in, he lists his birthplace variously as Ireland, Missouri, New York or Wisconsin. So how do you track him in the databases he’s not readily found in? Fourth, he lived an itinerant lifestyle, never in one place for very long, rarely setting down any kind of roots. His only marriage (that I could locate) lasted only a short time because – well who could keep up with his wanderlust?
(As a side note many of these difficulties can be overcome for baseball researchers at Ancestry.com for Sullivan and many of the other names in the game if the Censuses could be searched by occupation. Currently, the only one available through occupation search is 1880. Through this process, Sullivan is easily found. The next steps of course would be an exhaustive search of the database followed by calls and perhaps visits to communities far and wide that might catalog original data. These latter efforts might prove fruitful, but what exactly is their cost in time and money?)
Timothy Paul Sullivan was born in County Clare, Ireland on March 17, 1856 (This is the date listed by Retrosheet which I’m assuming was selected for a purpose. Two different records list his birth year as 1854 (Sullivan’s passport application in his oen hand) or 1855 (Sullivan’s immigration record from his return to the United States after the 1913-14 World Tour), same month and day.) The only immediate family that could be located is a brother named Daniel (Ted was residing at the home of Daniel and Janet Sullivan in Milwaukee in the 1900 U.S. Census. In the 1880 Census he can be found at the home of his uncle and aunt, Patrick and Ellen Leahy, in St. Louis.)
The 1900 Census states that Daniel Sullivan immigrated to the United States in 1860 and that “Teddy” followed in 1865. Therefore, it’s somewhat safe to assume that Ted arrived in the United States shortly before, during or shortly after the Civil War.
Sullivan spent much of his childhood in Milwaukee. After high school, he enrolled at Catholic St. Mary’s Academy and College in St. Mary’s, Kansas in Potawatomi County. Perhaps he had family in Kansas (As noted, he did have family in St. Louis which is 330 miles from St. Mary’s). A natural go-getter, Sullivan was captain and pitcher of the baseball team. During the summers, Sullivan ran and played for a semi-pro club in Milwaukee called the Alerts.
In 1874 the 15-year-old son of a Chicago political boss was sent to join his older brother at St. Mary’s. His name was Charles Comiskey. By sending him far from home, the senior Comiskey was trying to defeat Charles’ overwhelming thirst for baseball and make him into something useful, a plumber. Instead, Comiskey met an older student, Sullivan, who would help lead him from his father’s path (Comiskey also played ball at St. Mary’s).
From Sullivan’s passport application on November 10, 1888, we know:
Height: 5’ 6.5”
Facial Features: sound forehead, straight nose, mustache, round chin, fair complexion and oval face.
In 1876 Comiskey joined Sullivan’s Alerts as a third baseman. In 1878 Sullivan formed the Dubuque (Iowa) Rabbits, an independent club. Comiskey had played for a club in Elgin, Illinois in 1877 before finally breaking from his father and leaving home in 1878 to rejoin Sullivan.
Dubuque was financed by Iowa’s U.S. Senator William B. Allison and future congressman and Speaker of the House David B. Henderson. During the winters in Dubuque, Comiskey worked as a traveling representative at a profitable news agency which Sullivan owned.
By 1879, Dubuque was one of the top clubs in the country not associated with the National League. The team displayed future notables, such as, Sullivan, Comiskey, Tom Loftus, the Gleason brothers, Bill and Jack, Hoss Radbourn, Bill Taylor and Laurie Reis. Sullivan now needed a league to showcase his powerful club. (Sullivan declared that his proudest find as a scout was Radbourn. He also boasted other stars such as Johnny Kling and Ray Schalk.)
On April 1, 1879 he formed and ran the Northwest League which consisted of clubs from Davenport, Omaha, Rockford (Illinois) and, of course, Dubuque. It was the first so called minor league formed outside the east coast. Sullivan took steps to set a salary structure for the Northwest League and clearly subordinated the league to the National League, which to some establishes it as the first legitimate minor league.
Dubuque won the pennant in 1879 and even scored a victory over Cap Anson’s Chicago White Stockings in early August. Due in part to Dubuque running away with the pennant, the Northwest League folded. Comiskey stayed with the club through the 1881 season. Many stories abound which suggest that Sullivan taught Comiskey the ins and outs at first base.
In 1880 Sullivan umpired eleven games in the National League. It has also been said that Sullivan (1880-84) and Comiskey (1880-82) played for the Saint Louis University baseball team in the early 1880s. Around this time, Sullivan and Comiskey married sisters, Nellie and Nan Kelly (from Dubuque), respectively. Sullivan’s marriage didn’t last long but the Comiskeys were married until Nan’s death in 1922. As best as I could tell, Sullivan did not remarry and had no children.
In 1882 Comiskey signed on with Chris von der Ahe’s St. Louis Browns of the major American Association. The 1882 Browns included Sullivan graduates Comiskey and the Gleason brothers. As noted, Sullivan was living in St. Louis by 1880, thus he probably supplied the Browns with the Dubuque players. When von der Ahe replaced manager Ned Cuthbert at the end of the season, Sullivan was chosen as his replacement.
Sullivan managed the Browns through their first 79 games in 1883 to an impressive 53-26 record. Comiskey took over the club on August 30 tied for first with Philadelphia. Sullivan quit the Browns, fed up with continual interference by von der Ahe.
Eighteen Eighty-Three is also the year that Sullivan is said to have coined the term “fan” to refer to the ballpark’s faithful.
In October Sullivan agreed to manage Virginia of the Eastern League in 1884; however, he was approached by a 26-year-old St. Louis millionaire named Henry Lucas. Lucas had designs on starting a third major league to be called the Union Association. Lucas topped Virginia’s offer by $1,000 and Sullivan went to work recruiting talent for the new Maroons and helping form the league. (The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball shows Sullivan as manager of Virginia in 1884; however he reneged on that agreement prior to the season)
Sullivan’s recruiting went so well that the Maroons won their first twenty games. The streak took the starch out of the rest of the league and eventually aiding its demise. Not one to stay put, Sullivan left St. Louis with a 35-4 record on June 25. He then went from first to worst, joining the Kansas City club in the UA. He posted a 13-46 record to finish the season in last place.
The Altoona club disbanded on May 31, so Lucas replaced it with Kansas City backers, headed by Americus V. McKim. It was hastily put together and would have no chance in the standings (Actually, part of the agreement Lucas made with McKim was that the KC games would not count in the standings; thus, they could not win the pennant.). Sullivan was coaxed to take over the KC squad by being given part ownership.
Sullivan took the field for Kansas City in 1884 in his only active games in the big leagues. He appeared in four games, two in right field, one on the mound and one at short. At the plate he went 4 for 11.
Kansas City though did well financially, more so than the other squads. Over the winter, Sullivan went east to try to land some talent for 1885; however, the Union Association soon collapsed.
Sullivan stayed in Kansas City in 1885 and set about to establish and run the Western League. The league kicked off but Cleveland and Toledo disbanded in early June. When the Indianapolis club fell on June 15, so did the league. At the time KC was in third place with a 17-13 record.
Sullivan then took over Memphis in the newly-formed Southern League. Near the end of the season, he got into a row with Macon’s manager. After Macon’s manager slapped Sullivan with his scorecard, Sullivan “threw out his right fist and a knock-down that would have done credit to his cousin from Boston, John L., was the sequel. Brass buttons (the police) interfered and Price was gently lifted from the ground." (This account of the fight suggests that Sullivan was righthanded, a fact unknown to the encyclopedias. To note, the Sullivans were not cousins.)
At the end of the season Memphis was kicked out of the league in the aftermath of the incident (Memphis soon bought back into the league after Sullivan departed). Memphis finished with a 38-54 record and a fifth place finish.
In 1886 Sullivan set about reviving and running his old Northwest League. This time he returned to his hometown of Milwaukee to do so. Unlike in other seasons, Sullivan didn’t horde the talent; his Brewers finished in last place with a 35-43 record.
By the end of the season, he had worn out his welcome. Always fiery, he purposefully turned the hose on his home field on September 20 flooding it in an effort to delay a game. The moved backfired as the umpire declared it a forfeit after Sullivan locked his opponents out of the park. Other league officials demanded his heavy-handed removal.
Sullivan umpired fourteen games in the American Association during August 1887.
As previously noted, the fact that Sullivan was not tied to a specific league or team as manager or organizer in any given time period (whether as manager or organizer) does not mean he was idle. His business interests in and around baseball were extensive. He took hundreds of jaunts throughout the country in search of talent, signing men for club executives in every corner of the country.
Towards the end of 1887, Sullivan, acting as scout and business agent, was scouring the country signing up talent for Walter Hewett, president of the Washington Senators of the National League. Hewett had just replaced field manager John Gaffney with himself. On a trip in October Sullivan signed Dummy Hoy and Walt Wilmot.
Sullivan was set to manage Troy of the International Association in 1888. Hewett and Sullivan became very interested in using the Troy club as “a training school or feeder for the Washingtons.” This marks one of the earliest efforts at developing a farm team for a major league club.
In February 1888 Hewett became ill and hired Sullivan to oversee spring training. Sullivan had already scouted the locations (mainly New Orleans). For the first time in history a major league club would train in Florida, Jacksonville to be specific.
Per Sullivan, in Florida the club had a tough time finding a hotel. No one wanted a bunch of uncouth ballplayers hanging around their establishment and disturbing the decent guests. When Washington found a hotel that would accept them, the players were given specific instructions. They were not allowed to eat in the dining room with the other guests, they were not permitted to mingle with the other guests and they were requested not to disclose their profession to the other guests.
The first preseason exhibition held in Florida between major league clubs took place on March 22 – Washington versus the New York Giants. Sullivan however wasn’t present; he left to oversee his Troy club.
The Senators started off with a 10-29 record. Club investors and supporters were busting a gasket for Hewett to hire a professional manager. Finally on June 13, he did so. Sullivan was brought in from the equally inept Troy franchise. He guided the club over its last 96 games to a 48-86 record and a last place finish. It would be his last games in the majors.
Sullivan maintained his duties as Washington’s manager until March 31, 1889. He had recently applied for a passport and was looking to promote an overseas tour at the end of 1889, specifically London and Paris. Al Spalding had just completed his world tour; Sullivan was hoping to parlay this enthusiasm into a permanent European baseball league. He was back by “a well known Washingtonian.”
After finalizing his plans, Sullivan embarked for Europe on May 1. By the time of his departure though, he was downplaying the possibilities, stating that his trip was purely recreational but that he would follow business interests if they seemed fruitful.
Hindsight shows that the venture had little chance of success as baseball has barely made a dent in Europe 120 years later. The effort shows considerable drive and is commendable for its enthusiasm alone.
Sullivan arrived back in New York on July 3. He did succeed in obtaining a commitment of placing two baseball squads that would put on exhibitions and travel with Buffalo Bill’s show.
As soon as Sullivan got of the ship, Washington papers were chanting for him to take over the Senators to replace John Morrill; however, on July 5 Hewett hired player-manager Arthur Irwin to replace Morrill. Sullivan picked up where he left off, scouting and signing ballplayers for the Senators. Within days of his arrival he had signed Ed Beecher and John Irwin from Wilkes Barre.
Typical of the aforementioned wanderings of Sullivan, the Washington Post noted on August 7 that Sullivan “was in the city yesterday, but left during the afternoon on a mission for president von der Ahe.” Two weeks later, they mentioned that “Ted Sullivan is with the Browns. He will be in Washington for the latter part of next week.” On September 4 Sullivan is tracked “watching for young blood among the Northwestern League clubs (for the Washington club).” At the end of October Sullivan signed three men out of the Interstate League for the Pittsburgh Pirates. On the same trip he signed Lew Whistler for Washinton.
Word came at the end of 1889 that the National League was taking steps to remove Washington from its ranks. In the end Brooklyn left the American Association and joined the National League. The NL also added Cincinnati and forced out the Washington and Indianapolis franchises in late March 1890 during the Brotherhood war.
Previously, Sullivan had been named manager of the Senators for 1890. When it became clear that the National League might oust the club, Hewett and Sullivan applied for membership in the Atlantic Association. It was a fortuitous move as the National League waited until just a few weeks before opening day to make their decision.
Sullivan oversaw the club to a 38-47 record before it disbanded on August 2. Hewett owed back dues of $500 and decided not to remit. Per contract, the club then reverted back to the league. Initial plans were to merely give a new Washington franchise to Sullivan, but financing didn’t come though and the idea was shelved.
On August 10 Sullivan was named manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates of the National League; however, Guy Heckler maintained his job for the rest of the season. On September 3 Sullivan attracted and promoted two Players League clubs, Chicago and Brooklyn, to play a game in D.C. He then set to organize some exhibitions in D.C. for after the major league seasons were over.
In September Sullivan began plans to take an American football (rugby) squad to England.
Sullivan was out of the country for much the first half of 1891. He was visiting family, vacationing and doing a little business in Europe.
Sullivan wasn’t able to lure any American rugby teams to Europe but he did just as well. Exhibitions were set for an English club to tour North America. Games were set to begin in October pitting Yale, Harvard, Princeton, Johns Hopkins and the University of Pennsylvania against the Englishmen. The team will then precede to St. Louis, Chicago, Michigan and into Canada.
Sullivan took numerous scouting tours after returning from Europe. As he had been doing for years, he signed new players at the end of the season for Chris von der Ahe and the new Washington National League franchise.
Sullivan poured much of his efforts in 1892 to founding and administering the new Southern League. In March he decided to manage the Chattanooga squad. His club won the first half of the season but finished fifth overall with a 63-57 record in a tight league. Sullivan would remain in the Southern League for three seasons.
In 1893 he took over the Nashville team. The club finished in last place with Sullivan managing for part of the year.
Sullivan managed Atlanta in 1894 to a 21-37 record. The club was one of four to disband on June 27. He found most of his men jobs with other minor league clubs.
Arthur Irvin noted in 1894 that Sullivan and others were masters at “adjusting” the statistics of their players so that they could work out more equitable terms for their men when they decided to dispose of them. This was indeed possible in the days prior to instant communication.
In September Sullivan was working with Sam Crane and Charlie Genslinger on the east coast organizing the Atlantic League. He continued well into 1895 recruiting players, finding financial backers and handling other administrative duties for the Atlantic League.
In November Sullivan took another trip to Europe. This time he went at the behest of Baltimore Orioles’ manager and owner Ned Hanlon. The mission was to recruit some top association football (soccer) players so that Hanlon could build a squad to compete with other major league owners who had already formed teams and were playing within a league.
In 1895 Sullivan had a hand in forming the new Connecticut State League with Orator Jim O’Rourke. Sullivan was granted a franchise in New Haven.
By the end of 1894, Sullivan planted himself in Texas organizing another new league with John McCloskey. He would take over the Dallas team (though initially he was to oversee Houston) of the Texas-Southern League as manager and principal owner.
The Dallas Steers won the first half of the season and finished with the league-best overall record of 82-33. At one point the team won 23 straight contests.
AUTHOR AND STORY TELLER
Sullivan declared that 1895 would be his last year in baseball. He had already written two comedies (and would add more) and was strongly considering moving to a career in theatrical management.
He also wrote extensively about baseball for the newspapers and magazine and for his own pamphlets and books. His most famous work, Humorous Stories of the Ball Field, was a full-length book in 1903 which he promoted as a history of the game. He wrote another short piece on the world tour of 1913-14.
Sullivan was a master story teller and often quoted by sportswriters on any and all topics related to the game. The catch is that his stories and literature are so diluted with hyperbole that it is an impossible task for historians today to pull the few kernels of truth from his pontifications. Sullivan is one of many sources that told countless oafish stories about Chris von der Ahe.
Major leaguers traveled in special Pullman cars. The club would rent semi-private space for the entire team to travel in comfort. These cars included adequate sleeping room with upper and lower berths.
To save money, Sullivan and other executives would have their men travel in the coach section. These were cars with small day couches inside the berths. They were typically hot, cramped and uncomfortable; however, they became the standard travel method in the minor leagues. Through his extensive use of coach, the facilities became known throughout baseball as "Sullivan Sleepers." To graduate to the majors was also a jump in class from coach to Pullman cars as well.
Sullivan moved his New Haven club into the Atlantic League for 1896. The club finished in last place and was forced to move to Lancaster on July 3. Sullivan even pitched a little for New Haven.
Never without an idea, Sullivan promoted games in D.C. in early 1896 as “Ted Sullivan’s Texas Steers” against the Washington National League club. The “Steers” were really Sullivan’s New Haven team with a western-sounding name.
Sullivan was a big fan of boxing and could be found at many of the top fights during his time. In 1896 for example he saw Joe Choynski fight Jim Hall. In July 1895 Sullivan became business manager for welterweight Scott "Bright Eyes" Collins. Collins later though broke his contract with Sullivan.
In 1896 the Baltimore Orioles were contemplating traveling to Europe for a postseason exhibition tour. Sullivan went to England for Ned Hanlon as an advance man to scout out opportunities. Arriving back in the U.S. on August 22, he found little interest across the Atlantic for baseball games and the tour was cancelled.
Several Orioles were already psyched for the trip so John McGraw, Arlie Pond, Wilbert Robinson, Joe Kelley and Willie Keeler went anyway for a vacation to Liverpool, London, Brussels, Paris, Dublin and the Irish countryside.
In 1897 Sullivan founded the independent New Jersey League. He started the season taking the Atlantic City (a favorite vacation destination of his) club; however, dissention arose among the owners which forced a delay in the start of the season. The league essentially collapsed at the end of May, basically before it even began. Sullivan sold out and moved on.
Jack Doyle and Sullivan attended the James J. Corbett/Bob Fitzsimmons fight on March 17 in Nevada for the crowning of a new heavyweight champion.
By July, Sullivan set his sights on organizing a barnstorming tour for the Orioles after the season. He set plans to play exhibitions in the south, out west and into Mexico.
Sullivan settled in Dallas again at the end of the summer. He organized baseball exhibition contests for the Texas State Fair.
There are references to Sullivan planting himself in Dubuque again in 1898 and trying to form a club, but can’t confirm.
On September 17, 1898 Sullivan announced his intention of forming two teams and traveling to Cuba to put on an exhibition tour at the end of the season. He was eying potential profits due to the fact that 50,000 Americans soldiers were now stationed on the island. I found no indication that the tour actually took place.
Sullivan tried to revive the Southern League in 1899, taking over the Montgomery franchise in the independent league.
In September Sullivan was among a contingent that formed a second major league, a revival of the American Association. The league existed only on paper but rumors continued to surface of its formation up until the time the American league was established as a major.
Sullivan began fading from field management after the turn of the century. He concentrated on organizing, promoting and his scouting functions. During this time he scouted for the National League, the Cincinnati Reds, the Chicago Cubs and White Sox, the Washington Senators and other organizations, both major and minor.
He did however manage:
-In 1902 for Fort Worth in the Class-D Texas League, third place finish to Corsicana which won the pennant by 28.5 games.
-In 1903 for Paris in the Texas League, third place finish. Paris won the first half of the season and then moved to Waco. During one game, Waco hit an unheard of nine home runs against Corsicana. They lost in the end of the season playoff.
-In 1910 for Clinton in the Class-D Northern Association to a 10-39 record. The team disbanded on June 28, but Sullivan was gone before then.
In 1902 Sullivan helped reorganize the Texas League. At the end of 1903 into ‘04 Sullivan helped organize the new South Atlantic League (SALLY League).
In 1904 Sullivan was scouting predominantly for the Reds, signing Orval Overall among others. He also performed administrative duties for the Texas League.
Scouting primarily for (but never limited to):
1901, National League (hired in August 1901 to scout AL and minor league clubs)
1904-06, Reds (also scouting for the Phillies in 1904)
1907, Cubs and White Sox
1909-20 White Sox
During this time Sullivan also assisted major and minor league clubs in organizing and promoting spring training.
In 1905 Sullivan organized the Virginia-North Carolina League. It folded after the season and Sullivan assisted into revamping it into the Virginia League. He had a part-ownership in the Norfolk franchise.
In August 1905 Sullivan went to California and other locales to review young players that were recommended to the Reds by another scout Cliff Blankenship. This may be the first instance of cross-checking in major league history. As historian Peter Morris has noted, Sullivan may not only be the first significant scout in baseball history, he may also be the first cross-checker.
In October 1906 Sullivan talked his good friend Joe Cantillon into taking over the Washington Senators.
In 1909 Sullivan helped organize and promote spring training for his old friend Charles Comiskey. The White Sox took a western tour as far as California. Sullivan soon relocated to Chicago and became Comiskey’s “right-hand man,” overseeing spring training and other business functions for the next decade. Sullivan also owned a plantation in North Carolina.
In December 1909 Sullivan came up with a novel idea. In Chicago at Suite 1001 of the Corn Exchange Bank building he set to open a “bureau for the supply and demand of players,” a job placement agency. His intended clients were young ballplayers, minor leaguers. They would come to him looking for a job and he would help place them with clubs. He would also field requests by clubs and major leaguers as well. This is basically the services he had always provided but in a more formalized nature. Does this make him the first baseball agent?
Sullivan continued working for the White Sox during the 1910s and maintaining other relationships along his scouting and placement sideline.
Sullivan was up for the presidency of the United States League in February 1912, but didn’t get the nod. The USL would later become the Federal League.
In 1916 and 1917 Sullivan traveled to Central and South America in an effort to promote a tour for the White Sox and Giants. The effort didn’t prove as fruitful as 1913.
In January 1913 John McGraw was on a vaudeville tour passing through Chicago. He ran into Sullivan and expressed an interest in hiring Sullivan as an advance man for a possible international tour after the season. Sullivan countered that Comiskey had a similar idea and, thus, the world baseball tour of 1913-14 was conceived.
After numerous tries at sparking international interest in the sport, Sullivan was finally aboard a winner. He acted in numerous capacities for the White Sox and Giants in organizing and promoting the tour.
After barnstorming domestically, the Giants and White Sox (with Sullivan) set sail from Seattle on November 19, 1913. This tour would be well-funded as the take from domestic contests was nearly $100,000. Games were played in Australia, Ceylon, China, Egypt, England, France, Japan and the Philippines (in a near mirror of Spalding’s World Tour of 1888-89). Sullivan and others arrived in New York on March 6, 1914.
Sullivan continued to work for Comiskey in the 1920s. He also scouted for other teams as well, including the Senators. By 1922, Sullivan had moved back to Washington D.C. and gone into semi-retirement.
In May 1922 he set sail for Europe, planning to organize some baseball contests for after the season for a tour by the Giants and Senators. He was interested in playing in Dublin, London and Paris (didn't pan out).
He gave lectures at various colleges and universities throughout the country on baseball, its history and the World Tour of 1913.
Sullivan was still sending players for tryouts as late as 1925.
In October 1925 Sullivan went to Ireland on vacation. He returned stating that he had secured the famous Kerry and Tipperary football (rugby) clubs for an American exhibition tour in November 1926.
Sullivan was in relatively good health until he suffered a stroke on June 22, 1929. He died at age 73 on July 5 at Gallinger Hospital in D.C. He was buried at Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Milwaukee.