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  • #16
    William Henry Locke

    Born: August 27, 1869, Pittsburgh, PA
    Died: August 14, 1913, Ventnor, NJ, age 43,---d. at home of heart disease, in complication with neuritis, which followed an operation for a tumor in his arm.

    Pittsburgh sports writer/Pirates' secretary/Phillies' team owner
    Pittsburgh Press, sports editor, 1893 - 1903
    Pittsburgh Pirates' secretary, 1903 - fall, 1912
    Phillies' team owner, January 24, 1913 - August 15, 1913, his death.

    Spalding Baseball Guide, 1914
    William Henry Locke was born in Pittsburgh, Pa., August 27, 1869. His father was a well-known editor of daily newspapers in Pittsburgh, and after graduating from high school, the son became a reporter. After serving an apprenticeship as a "cub, "he turned to sports and soon became sporting editor of the Pittsburgh Press, which paper he served 10 years. In 1903, when Secretary Harry C. Pulliam was elected President of the National League, young Locke was appointed secretary of the Pittsburgh club, and from that time until the Fall of 1912, he held that position with profit to the club and such credit to himself that when the opportunity presented itself the Winter of 1912 to buy the Philadelphia Club from Mr. Taft, of Cincinnati, he was able to raise $400,000 to acquire the property with the aid of his cousin, Mr. W. F. Baker, of New York Governor Tener, of Pennsylvania and a number of high-class local lovers of base ball. He consummated the deal in January, 1913, and in February was placed at the head of the club, which, even in the short time he was able to give it active attention, at once felt the beneficial effects of his intelligence, industry and practical knowledge.

    ------------------------------------------------------A Strange Fatality
    Mr. Locke's untimely death came as a distinct shock alike to his relatives, friends and the base ball world at large in which the young man had established for himself a high standing. The consensus of national and local opinion as expressed everywhere --and particularly by those who knew him best--was that the world had lost a good citizen and the base ball family one of the most respected, most able and most popular men ever connected with the sport. Incidentally it was generally recalled that a strange fatality seems to hover over officials of the Philadelphia Club. Colonel John I. Rogers, who was secretary and treasurer of the Phillies for twenty years, died suddenly while on a Western trip. "Iz" Durham, the famed Philadelphia political leader, who, with James P. McNichol and Clarence Wolf, the club's treasurer, lost his wife by death about the same time. Then lawyer Frank S. Elliott, who was connected with Horace S. Fogel in purchasing the club from Durham and his friends, and was the club's vice-president, was stricken with heart failure during a game at the Philadelphia park and died soon afterward. Now William H. Locke has also passed away.

    Sporting News' death tribute:
    A Shadow Over Base Ball
    Some grim shadow seems to hang over the office of president of the Philadelphia National League Club. The death of William Locke, news of which saddened the base ball world last week, was only one more gloomy incident, in a long series. Five presidents of the Philadelphia Club have died in office, and one--Horace Fogel--closed his major league career in trouble and wrangling.

    Warmer tributes have never been paid a man than those expressed for Billy Locke, for he was a real gentleman, and a beloved friend, a man of broad mind, splendid qualifications and judgment, and a true sportsman. His death was especially saddening, for this grand fellow, after years of faithful work and devotion to the game, had just come to the eminence and honor he so well deserved in the sport he loved and served. Before he could enjoy the meeds and emoluments he had earned, he was stricken down, to use out at a time when the club which he headed had every prospect of its most successful season in a decade.

    Will Locke dies one of the most regretted among all whom the Reaper has taken from the ranks of base ball in recent years. Everyone was "for" Will Locke--no man's voice was ever raised against him. And he was against no man unless that man was proved unworthy the confidence of honest fellows. (Sporting News, August 21, 1913, pp. 4, column 2.)

    New York Times' obituary, August 15, 1913, pp. 7.---------------------February 11, 1913.
    Last edited by Bill Burgess; 11-22-2011, 09:25 PM.


    • #17
      I am not a Judge Landis fan, by any stretch, and it amuses me that baseball's executives, soon after the founding of the Hall of Fame in 1936, were allowed to enshrine many of their own members. And this happened in the full light of day, without a howl of protest.

      If the players said anything derogatory against that outrage, they would have feared not getting in themselves. If the sports writers wrote against it, they would have been denied inside stories afterwards. So Ban Johnson, Comiskey, and Landis got in the shaded back door.

      Anyway, here is my standard Landis writeup. Some of you might have seen it before.
      Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis:

      Cobb, while a garden-variety-racist from the deep south, Atlanta, came up surrounded by die-hard racists. But he, to his discredit, trusted those folks, and didn't want to get too far ahead or behind the curve of the Georgian progressive social conservatives. As they grew, so did he. No more, no less. Why he trusted them has always been a mystery to me. He had seen the world, and been exposed to much more cosmopolitan types, such as the Detroit industrialists, who had always seen to it that he got the good business tips, and market advice.

      But Cobb and Landis were not in the same positions. Cobb couldn't impose his attitudes on anyone, Landis could. So Cobb couldn't hurt or help any great numbers.

      Landis was born Nov. 20, 1886, in Millville, Ohio of Swiss ancestry. He received his name from Kennesaw Mountain in Georgia, the scene of a great, but bloody Confederate victory in the Civil War, where the Rebs mowed down wave after wave of brave Yankees, trying to assault their position, going uphill in the heat. Crazy Union tactics, just like at Fredericksburg, sent many brave Yankee kids to Boot Hill. Stupid, inept, incompetent leadership killed almost as many brave Yankee kids as southern bullets ever did. (Fredericksburg, Kennesaw Mountain, Cold Harbor, Grant's "Wilderness Campaign".)

      Anyhow, Landis' father, Dr. Abraham Landis had been seriously wounded there. Why they dropped a N from the name is unclear. Landis particularly liked Three-Fingered Brown and had played and managed a local team when 17. He became a champion bicycle rider.

      Judge Landis was always a brave man. He went his own way, and danced to a different drummer. His own internal drummer. Once, during WWI, he sentenced 94 members of the International Workers of the World to prison. This resulted in the bombing of his office a few weeks later, but he wasn't there at the time. So the man had guts. He wasn't a racist, and he wasn't even a Southerner, despite his name.

      So while Landis was courageous, he was also stubborn. Many, many of his opinions were overturned while he sat on the bench.

      Judge Landis took authority as baseball's 1st Commissioner Nov. 12, 1920, I believe it was, and died Nov. 17, 1944. Let's review some dates.

      1945 - Jackie Robinson plays his only Negro L. season, Kansas City Monarchs SS.

      August 28, 1945 - 11 months after Landis died, Branch Rickey meets with Robinson for the 1st time, outlining his master plan.

      October 23, 1945 - Rickey signs Robinson to a Dodger contract. The plan is to integrate the white minor leagues first, in 1946, and then the MLs in 1947.

      1946 - Robinson leads the International L. with .349, at Montreal.

      1947 - Rickey brings Jackie up to the Dodgers during spring training. Jackie hits .297, leads league in SB with 29. Voted Rookie-of-the-Year.

      1949 - Jackie leads league in several major categories, best player in league. Voted MVP.

      Now. The important link here, for our purposes, in the slight 11 month interval between Landis dying and Rickey approaching Robinson. Rickey knew that Landis didn't like his farm team system. Fought him all the way on it. Also there had been a covert meeting among the owners about Rickey bringing in Robinson. All opposed him. But the difference was that now that Landis was dead, Rickey felt he could at last do it and not be over-ruled.

      Rickey might not have been doing it to advance social progress. Perhaps he only was doing it to bring pennants to Brooklyn. But still, he felt he had to wait until Landis died to attempt his bold move.

      Why do I hold Landis to such a seemingly high standard? Because I believe he was smart and principled. To whom much is given, much is required. To whom much authority is given, much is expected.

      I feel very deeply, that since he fought so hard against the owners, particularly Rickey on the farm system issue, that he also had it in him to fight for the Negro. And I can not, for the life of me, see why he held back and hesitated. He was asked on a very regular basis, by such stellar sports writers as Wendell Smith, of the black Pittsburgh Courier, 1937-47, and Sam Lacy, of several black newspapers, when baseball would integrate.

      And Landis would always state diplomatically, that there was no written or unwritten law, regulation, rule, tenet, or anything else, which prohibited any owner from hiring blacks. So, Landis was pressed, hard and regularly, for many, many years. And those two were not the only ones. Many blacks went to his office over the years, with appointments, to lobby him to help them open up the MLs to blacks. Sometimes Landis side-stepped them, most often he received them graciously, and diplomatically. Just as he ALWAYS graciously assured Buck Weaver he would consider his application for reinstatement. Never did.

      Did that excuse his moral responsibility? Why should it? Landis was most intelligent and knew that a huge number of black people were looking towards him for help. He was the only one with leverage on the owners. He could have used it and been successful.

      Many assume that Landis was seldom asked, and that the moral question was seldom posed for him to deal with. Nothing could have been further from the truth. When one reads the writings of Lacy and Smith, you get the real picture. The feel for the scope of the problem.

      Cobb was a born racist and Landis never was one. Just a passive, pass-the-buck obstacle on this one issue. If Cobb had been in that position, and acted as Landis did, or worse, I'd be a lot heavier on Cobb also.

      This issue transcends Cobb, Landis, etc. It involves a lot of people, over a lot of years. The good guys tried VERY hard for a long time, to get their case heard, and move the flag downfield. And no one was better positioned than Judge Landis to move the ball downfield.

      I do hold the owners responsible for not hiring blacks, but none of them had the moral responsibility to see to it, that the sport, as a whole, stopped the hate-filled ban. The so-called "ban" was a unwritten "Gentleman's Agreement", among the team owners, to agree to collude to not hire black players in any of organized baseball's leagues. No owner had the leverage to force open the gates. Or so they believed. When Rickey did just that, he proved them all wrong.

      I hope this gives a few crumbs of why I hold Ken Landis so responsible for his lack of action, when pressed SO hard for SO long, by both groups and individuals.

      So, for me, his failure to act was more than a cardinal sin. His non-action was criminal. And rendered his judgment to not reinstate Jackson and Weaver a monument to hypocrisy of the most extreme order. By one who should have known better. But never did.
      The Sporting News, February 25, 1978, pp. 43

      This report, on race relations, submitted August 28, 1946, to ML BB. This is an excerpt from a 25 page report, prepared by a special committee composed of Ford Frick, Will Harridge, Sam Breadon, Tom Yawkey, Phil Wrigley and Larry MacPhail.

      Thank you so very much, Ubiquitous!!!

      This sickening attempt to make themselves appear concerned about the welfare of the Negro players. Such feigned innocence can only be the product of wealth hiring the most high-powered advertising/marketing whores to make bald-faced hypocrisy/cynicism sound reasonable, as business as usual.

      ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A question was asked, if Not Judge Landis, who else would have been qualified to become Commissioner? Here was my response.
      Who indeed? Most morally qualified candidates were occupied helping life in a larger context, and barely knew baseball. Some names come to mind, if we could have gotten them.

      Mahatma Gandhi, 1869-1948, led India to independence from Great Britain via non-violence demonstrations.

      Albert Einstein, 1879-1955, German Jew, theories on physics changed his field.

      Albert Schweitzer, 1875-65, German Christian philosopher, physician, humanitarian, missionary, musician.

      Nikolai Tesla, 1856-1943, Yugoslavian inventor whose ideas underlaid all modern machines.

      Henry Louis Mencken, 1880-1956, The most prominent newspaperman, book reviewer, and political commentator of his day, Henry Louis Mencken was a libertarian before the word came into usage.

      Lots of luck in securing any of their services. Although race is, of course, an imperative issue, there are more issues than that, and a candidate must be grounded in principles in general.

      Still another issue would have been instituting an early pension system, all star games, dealing with Mexican L. raids, night ball, establishing a formula, whereby a player receives 1/3 of a sale price. Another innovation would have been to supervise a player's association, to serve as counter-balance to owner's rights.

      If we want to go further back in this nice little exercise, a commissioner could have tackled abolishing the pitching cheating that was allowed to go on pre-1920. That was ridiculous. He could have also been helpful in seeing to it that the military draft exempted ballplayers. Men in uniform like to read about their heroes, while their off in foreign lands.
      Still others who were qualified to become Commissioner, instead of Judge Landis were Francis Richter, John B. Foster, Sam Crane, Ferdinand C. Lane, Taylor Spink, as well as Connie Mack or Branch Rickey.
      My Candidates for Commissioner:

      1. Branch Rickey, 1881-1965
      2. Connie Mack, 1862-1956
      3. Taylor Spink, 1888-1962
      4. Grantland Rice, 1880-1954
      5. Francis Richter, 1854-1926
      6. John B. Foster, 1863-1941
      7. Sam Crane, 1854-1925
      8. Louis Mencken, 1880-1956
      9. Monte Ward, 1860-1925
      10. Ferdinand C. Lane, 1885-1984

      Source: Right: Baseball: 100 ears of The Modern Era: 1901-2000: From The Archives Of The Sporting News, edited by Joe Hoppel, 2001, pp. 46.

      The Commissioner of Baseball, at his Chicago office.


      • #18
        Walter Francis O'Malley:
        Owner: Brooklyn/LA Dodgers, October 26, 1950 - August 9, 1976

        Born: October 9, 1903, Bronx, NY
        Died: August 9, 1979, Los Angeles, CA, age 75

        Dodger general counsel, 1943-1950
        Dodger stockholder, November 1, 1944 - October 26, 1950
        Dodger majority stockholder (owner/President), October 26, 1950 - August 9, 1979

        Dodgers' lawyer (1943-50), deprived Brooklyn fans of their beloved team when he moved the Dodgers to LA (1958). LA's hero was Brooklyn's arch super-criminal. By October 26, 1950, owned majority of stock, after muscling Branch Rickey out of the Dodger Presidency.

        Among the most influential club owners of the early expansion era and is widely recognized as the catalyst, through his move west, in Baseball's expansions of 1960, 1961, 1969 and 1977… From 1941-49 served at the Dodgers' general counsel, then served as principal owner from 1950-69, and chairman of the board from 1970-79…Gained control of the Dodgers in 1950... In first seven years the Dodgers won four pennants and a World Series, leading the league in attendance…Maintained tremendous player development program installed under the Rickey regime…Moved the club to Los Angeles in 1957 and persuaded Giants' President Horace Stoneham to follow…After moving into Dodger Stadium in 1962 the club annually attracted more than two million spectators and in 1979 set a major league mark by drawing three million… In 1977 the Dodgers were valued at $50 million, or twice the value of the average major league franchise.

        O'Malley was doing work for the Brooklyn Trust Company, which held the mortgage on Ebbets Field and controlled the Ebbets estate. O'Malley did mostly forclosure work. When Branch Rickey became president, the Ed McKeever block was for sale, The Brooklyn Trust Company talked to Rickey about buying it. Rickey didn't have the required capital and John Smith, president of Pfizer Chemical was brought in. O'Malley jumped in with a piece as well. The three partners Rickey, Smith and O'Malley bought the 25% Mckeever block. Later they bought the 50% Ebbets (Charles Ebbets, Jr. who died May 15, 1944) block giving them 75%, with a McKeever daughter, Dearie Mulvey owning the other 25%. After John Smith passed away, in May, 1950, O'Malley convinced Mrs. Smith to allow him to vote her shares. He also convinced Mrs. Mulvey to vote with him as well. After the 1950 season, on October 26, 1950, Rickey was voted out as General Manager and President. He was still a stockholder, but he lived on the salary he made as President and G.M. There was a partnership agreement that said the other partners had to be given a chance to match any sale.

        O'Malley knew Rickey had to sell to meet his commitments and offered the price as Rickey paid at the start. Rickey found an outside buyer who offered $1,000,000. O'Malley always claimed it wasn't genuine but couldn't take the chance and paid the higher amount. From that moment on any time anyone in the Dodger offices mentioned Rickey's name they were fined $1.00.
        Walter's Rise to the Top of the Dodger Franchise:

        1943-50 - Dodgers' general counsel

        O'Malley was doing work for the Brooklyn Trust Company, which held the mortgage on Ebbets Field and controlled the Ebbets estate. O'Malley did mostly forclosure work.

        (bkmckenna found this on the Walter O'Malley website. Here is an excerpt.)

        Eventually, O’Malley made another bold career move, permanently leaving his successful New York law practice in 1943 to join the Dodgers as their full-time Vice President and General Counsel, replacing former U.S. presidential candidate Wendell L. Willkie, who was in ill health and had left to publish his book, “One World.”

        Walter buys into the Dodgers' controlling hierarchy:

        O’Malley was presented opportunities to purchase stock in the ballclub in two separate transactions in 1944 and 1945. On November 1, 1944, he joined with Dodger President Branch Rickey and Andrew Schmitz, a prominent Brooklyn insurance executive to purchase 25 percent of the stock from the estate of former part-owner Edward J. McKeever, who had died May 27, 1925.

        On May 15, 1944, Ebbets son Charles H. Ebbets, Jr. died.

        In the second transaction on August 13, 1945, O’Malley, Rickey and John L. Smith, who was then Vice President and later President of Pfizer Chemical, purchased 50 percent of the stock from the estate of Charles Ebbets. Charles H. Ebbets, Jr. died May 15, 1944. Schmitz sold his shares to the triumvirate, raising their total stock held to 75 percent, with the balance owned by Dearie McKeever Mulvey, daughter of the late Brooklyn team President Steve McKeever, who had died March 7, 1938.

        On December 14, 1949, the courts finally resolved the distribution of the $800,000. that the Dodgers had paid to acquired the Ebbets stock interests. There were 22 recipients.

        When Branch Rickey became president, the Ed McKeever block was for sale, The Brooklyn Trust Company talked to Rickey about buying it. Rickey didn't have the required capital and John Smith, president of Pfizer Chemical was brought in. O'Malley jumped in with a piece as well. The three partners Rickey, Smith and O'Malley bought the 25% Edward Mckeever block.

        After John L. Smith passed away July 10, 1950, Walter convinced his widow, Mrs. Mary Louise P. Becker Smith to allow him to vote her shares. He also convinced Mrs. Mulvey to vote with him as well.

        After the 1950 season Rickey was voted out as General Manager and President. He was still a stockholder, but he lived on the salary he made as President and G.M.There was a partnership agreement that said the other partners had to be given a chance to match any sale.

        O'Malley knew Rickey had to sell to meet his commitments and offered the price as Rickey paid at the start. Rickey found an outside buyer who offered $1,000,000. O'Malley always claimed it wasn't genuine but couldn't take the chance and paid the higher amount.
        (bkmckenna also found this wonderful excerpt from Andy McCue at SABR's bio poject.)
        The internal politics of the team quickly boiled down to a duel between Rickey and O'Malley, two strong-willed, highly intelligent men with a desire to run the team, for the vote of John Smith, an experienced and thoughtful business executive who approached his ownership with the eyes of a prudent fan.

        The issues were financial. O'Malley opposed Rickey's investment in a training facility in Vero Beach, Florida. He was appalled at a proposal to give each member of the successful 1946 club a new car, and at several million dollars in losses suffered when Rickey took over a franchise in the fledgling All-America Football Conference. O'Malley wanted to grab as much revenue as possible from this new thing called television while Rickey was concerned too many ticket buyers would stay home and watch for free. Rickey had ethical concerns about accepting money from beer advertisers. O'Malley didn't. O'Malley wanted less money spent on Vero Beach and more income from television because he knew the team needed the funds to replace aging Ebbets Field soon.

        The issue was slowly brought to a head by Rickey's contract as president of the team. The contract probably was baseball's most generous at the time, reflecting Rickey's skill at recognizing talent and preparing it for the major leagues. O'Malley thought it was too generous, especially in granting Rickey 10% of the annual profits, which O'Malley felt should be going back to the team and the new stadium fund. With Smith's concurrence, O'Malley managed to stall a new contract for several years.

        Finally, in 1950, Rickey decided to force the issue, using another clause in the agreement between the three partners. He offered to sell his stock to the others.

        wikipedia article


        • #19
          James Aloysius Robert Quinn---AKA Bob Quinn

          Born: February 14, 1870, Columbus, OH
          Died: March 12, 1954, Providence, RI, age 84

          Baseball Executive;
          Columbus Senators (American Association), General Manager, 1902 - 1917
          St. Louis Browns, General Manager, 1917 - 1922
          Boston Red Sox, President, 1923 - 1933
          Brooklyn Dodgers, General Manager, 1934 - 1935
          Boston Braves, President / part-owner, 1936 - 1945
          Sporting Goods Executive, 1945 - 1948
          Hall of Fame, President, 1948 - 1951

          James Aloysius Robert Quinn (February 14, 1870 - March 12, 1954) was an American executive in Major League Baseball who became renowned for his management of four different franchises.

          Born in Columbus, Ohio, he was a catcher in minor league baseball during the 1890s, also managing some of the teams for which he played. From 1902 to 1917, he served as general manager of the Columbus Senators in the American Association; he was also among the founders of that league. In 1908 he founded and was president of the Ohio State League, a Class D minor league which began operation as a six team league with teams located in Central/Southern Ohio. He became general manager of the St. Louis Browns from 1917–1922, developing the perennially poor team into one which lost the 1922 American League pennant by a single game.

          In 1923, Quinn led a group that purchased the Boston Red Sox, and as team president he worked to restore the credibility of a franchise whose best players had been sold off by previous owner Harry Frazee. The group included businessman and former president of the Columbus Senators, Edward Schoenborn and Columbus physician Robert B. Drury, who had put himself through medical school playing and managing in the minor leagues in the early 1900s. However, the most important member of Quinn's ownership group, St. Louis millionaire Palmer Winslow, died in 1927. For the remainder of Quinn's tenure as Bosox owner, the team suffered from lack of finances and plunged into the basement of the American League.

          After selling the Red Sox to Tom Yawkey in 1933, Quinn became general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1934-1935. He then joined the Boston Braves as team president and part owner from 1936 to 1945. After his 1945 retirement, he briefly served as a sporting goods executive, and then became president of the Baseball Hall of Fame from 1948 to 1951, leaving that position after suffering two strokes.

          Quinn died at age 84 in Providence, Rhode Island, and was buried near Columbus. His son John J. Quinn served as general manager of the Braves following his father's retirement, continuing after the team moved to Milwaukee in 1953, and later served as GM of the Philadelphia Phillies. His grandson Bob Quinn served as general manager of the New York Yankees, Cincinnati Reds, and San Francisco Giants between 1988 and 1996, and his grandson Jack Quinn served as general manager of the St. Louis Blues franchise in the National Hockey League. His great-grandson Bob Quinn (born 1968) is the current executive vice president - finance and administration and chief financial officer of the Milwaukee Brewers.
          Last edited by Bill Burgess; 09-09-2011, 05:38 PM.


          • #20
            George W. Munson

            Born: August 15, 1858, New York City (Cornell University confirmed his August 15, 1858 date of birth.)
            Died: March 14, 1908, St. Louis, MO, age 49---d. double pneumonia/kidney complications, buried in Calvary Catholic Cemetery, St. Louis on March 17, 1908.

            St. Louis sports writer / publicist;
            Graduated Cornell University, 1876-79; entered journalism in New York;
            Arrived from New York City to St. Louis, 1883
            St. Louis Republic sports writer.,
            St. Louis Post-Dispatch;
            Secretary / Manager of St. Louis Browns (May, 1885- 1890);
            Made business manager/secretary of Chicago Players League club (The Brotherhood, June 15, 1890).
            Did the publicity for Chris Von Der Ahe, 1891 - 1994, August 9. St. Louis baseball scorer.

            Press Agent of St. Louis Fair Association. Put out Horse Show Monthly. Sec. of Horse Show Association/local Kennel Club. Was elected Pres. of the original Base Ball reporters Association of America in Cincinnati (December, 1887); One of the editors of the Spalding Official Base Ball Guide.
            Essential member of Scorers' Association. One of the editors of the Spalding Official Base Ball Guide. Came from New York in 1883. Married Lizzie in 1888; 2 kids by 1900.
            St. Louis Republican' obituary; March 15, 1908, pp. 1.

            ---------------------------------------------------------------------GEORGE MUNSON IS DEAD

            ---------------------------------------------------FAMOUS SECRETARY OF BROWNS SUCCUMBS TO PNEUMONIA
            ------------------------------------Was one of First Baseball Reporters, and Greatest Publicity Expert When With Von der Ahe's Winners--Had Countless Friends

            George Munson, secretary of the Mississippi Valley Kennel Club, and one of the very earliest promoters of baseball at one time an associate of Charles Comiskey at Chicago, died at 8:50 o'clock last night at his Rossmore apartments, McPherson avenue and Whittier street. He had a chill ten days ago which developed into double pneumonia and congestion of the lungs. He was 48 years old.

            Mrs. Munson was alone with her husband when he died. A son, Porter White Munson and a daughter, Daisy White Munson, had been summoned, but neither arrived until after the father's death. The son was at Batesville, Ark., and Miss Munson was attending St. De Chantal Seminary, near Springfield, Mo.

            Munson's mother ? with a married daughter in Elizabeth, N. J. and a brother lives in New York City. Funeral arrangements will be made after the relatives are communicated with.

            -------------------------------------------------------Graduated From Cornell
            Munson came to St. Louis in 1881 after being graduated from Cornell University and at once became a baseball writer. He was soon made secretary of the St. Louis Kennel Club. Twenty-five years ago he opened the first St. Louis roller-skating rink at Nineteenth and Pine street.

            Baseball soon again attracted Munson and he became secretary of Chris Von der Ahe's St. Louis Browns when they were four-time pennant winners. That was in 1885-6-7-8. In 1890 he joined Comiskey in Chicago as secretary of the Brotherhood Club, but returned to Von der Ahe within a year, remaining with him until continuous racing began in 1895-6. He was then made secretary of the St. Louis Fair Association. When the association sold out Munson began to publish the Horseshow Monthly and was made secretary of the local Horse Show Association and later took his last position with the Kennel club.

            During Munson's connection with Von der Ahe he was official scorer for the American Association. He also managed the Omaha Baseball Club for a time.

            After graduation Mr. Munson was employed upon the Missouri Republican and The Republic. He was one of the very first baseball reporters of St. Louis. E H Tobias, Dave Reid, Al Spink and Billy Spink being the others.

            He was a most energetic and popular promoter of publicity. In his way, which was largely the way of Barnum, he advertised the Browns far and wide, when he became their secretary. Munson wrote with his left hand, and was a veritable human circus poster in the lavish use of adjectives of ? The newspaper men who read his copy were wont to say they were glad Munson would not write with his right hand. Could he have done so they felt that there would have been no limit to his adjectives' ebullience.

            ---------------------------------------------------------------------------First Baseball Exploiter
            Munson was the first of the baseball exploiters. Indeed, he taught most of the early reporters how to score and write baseball games. Baseball was a new game in the early eighties and its chroniclers were few and new, too.

            For some ten years Munson exploited Von Der Ahe and the Browns over the country. When he quit them it was to become advance agent and publicity man of "The Derby Winner" a play written by his friend A. H. Spink. After a year or two of tumult on the road, "The Derby Winner" died. Then Munson went into the general advertising business in which he remained until he died.

            People often said that Munson was the "Luck of Von Der Ahe". Which may have been true. In any event Von Der Ahe and his Browns declined steadily after George left them. Five years later Von Der Ahe, to whom Munson gave the eternal sobriquet "Der Boss President", lost the grand and glorious institution of St. Louis the Browns as poor Munson was words to always write it.

            A man of indefatigable energy and immense personal acquaintance and popularity, Mr. Munson was always in a position to transact an immense volume of business and to make a great deal of money. But no one ever knew George Munson to keep a book of ? to make money for himself. In his advertising business he would telephone a patron and make a verbal contract. Then he would send one of his boys over to the patron to get the contract in writing and permit the messenger to collect the large percentage due a solicitor. As a matter of fact he gave half of every thing he received.

            Nobody ever saw George Munson in ill humor. Nobody ever heard him say an ill word of any body else. Nobody ever saw him with the blues.

            Once a high liver, Mr. Munson for years has been most abstemious man and eschewed the ways of the good fellows, gave in heart and liberality. Take the good fellow as you may, George Munson was the beau ideal. In the words of his own favorite toast:

            "We come into this world naked and bare.
            While we are here ? sorrow and care.
            We leave this world for we know not where.
            But if you're a good fellow here.
            You'll be a good fellow there.

            As far as George Munson is concerned there cannot be a doubt of it. He was a true husband, a true father and a true friend. (St. Louis Republican, March 15, 1908, pp. 1.)
            Friends To Be Buried To-Day.
            George Munson and C. T. Noland will be Laid to Rest.
            George Munson, the veteran sporting authority who died last Saturday, will be buried to-Day, the funeral taking place from the New Cathedral Chapel at 8:30 a. m. Requiem mass will be said by the Reverend Father Gilfillan, assisted by the Reverend Father D. J. Lavery, of the Holy Rosary Parish. Stephen Martin will sing. Porter White, father-in law of Mr. Munson, who is en route from California, will not arrive for the funeral.

            The active pallbearers will be Robert Aull, Charles Spink, Frank Tate, "Jack" Ryan, J. B. Sheridan, W. A. Kelson, J. Edward Wray and Fred Hirsch. The honorary pallbearers will include Zach Mulhall, G. Lacy Crawford, William Marion Reedy, Harry B. Hawes, Con P. Curran, John Schroers, P. Short, Richard Collins, A. A. Busch, William Maffitt, B. Van Blarcom, Alfred Spink, Merritt H. Marshall, Judge Virgil Rule and John Fletcher.

            Charles T. Noland prominent attorney and billiard player, and a friend of Mr. Munson, also will be buried to-day. The funeral will take place from the family residence, No. 4120 Morgan street, at 1 p. m. The Elks will have charge of the services. The active pallbearers will be Charles Fensky, Doctor Heine Marks, Fred Chrisman, C. Porter Johnson, Thomas Dement, R. T. Morris. The honorary pallbearers will be Charles Porter Johnson, Thomas B. Estep, David Ranken, F. Pauley, Murray Carleton, Doctor Edward Sensenny Vaughn and A. R. Thompson. (St. Louis Republican, March 17, 1908, pp. 14.)
            Sporting News' death tribute, March 19, 1908, pp. 4, column 2.
            George Munson, who as secretary of the old Browns, was as valuable to Chris Von der Ahe as Comiskey was in the conduct of the team that won four successive American Association pennants and one world's championship for St. Louis in the 1890's died on Saturday, the victim of double pneumonia and kidney complications. A graduate of Cornell, he entered journalism in New York and while a newspaper novice located in St. Louis. His base ball department in the Republic was one of its features and on the death of David Reid in 1885, Mr. Von der Ahe appointed Munson secretary of his club. He retained the position until 1899, when he accompanied Comiskey to Chicago as secretary of the Brotherhood club of that city, returning with the Old Roman to Von der Ahe's service the following season and remaining until 1896, when he became press agent of the St. Louis Fair Association and engaged in the promotion of sporting events.

            When Celia Adler and Tilles secured control of the Fair Grounds, Munson began the publication of the Horse Show monthly. He was secretary of the Horse Show Association and of the local Kennel Club and the leading spirit in each. during his connection with the Browns he was the official scorer of the club and taught the rudiments of the statistics of the game to practically all of St. Louis' sporting writers of the inter '80's and early '90's. He ranked with the best scorers of that time and many of the improvements in the playing and statistical departments of the pastime were suggested by him. Foremost in the organization of the Scorers' Association, he was elected its secretary and by many was recognized as its most assiduous and able member. Munson, the man of many friends' as the Post "dispatch accurately described him, possessed to a rare degree the trait of creating a favorable impression on introduction and his sterling and magnetic qualities made chums of those with whom he had long social or business association. He measured men accurately, appreciated their good points, and allowed for their failings. An application for a favor was never denied by him, and some who exceeded the limit of his purse in their appeals to him, never knew the sacrifice that he sometimes made to accommodate those already under obligation to him. Impulsive and high strung, he had himself in full control at all times and however indignant at a disagreeable turn in an affair in which he was engaged, he proceeded in its accomplishment as far as laid in his power and deploring defeat, never harbored malice or planned revenge.

            His services to Von der Ahe were beyond price. While Comiskey and his Browns were making Von der Ahe rich and famous, Munson dept his business from entanglements and molded him into a base ball magnate. The tact, education and refinement of the Cornell graduate made him a foil for the newly-rich German, who as a Grand Avenue grocer, had thrifty and humble associates, but as 'der president of the Browns', met men of polished manners and champagne tastes.

            The transformation was slow and far from complete. Munson's mentorship worked wonders and in time the Browns' owner acquitted himself credibly at sessions of his league and at public functions. When his employer enraged press or patrons or became involved with his associate club-owners, Munson established peace so adroitly that ill effects were averted. Von der Ahe was safeguarded from many of his mistakes by the diplomacy and personal polarity of Munson and Comiskey and each had the courage to disobey positive orders when compliance would have caused harmful consequences.

            Munson was a ideal press agent and his best service to base ball was in the sporting columns of the leading papers of the country. The Browns were at home and abroad and through his efforts human interest became one of the game's greatest attractions. People who never saw Comiskey and hi Browns read Munson's individual sketches and formed an attachment for them. His acquaintance was unlimited and his friendships fast and firm.
            For over a year preceding his death, Munson was engaged in the collection of data for a biography of Comiskey, for whom he entertained a fraternal feeling, which was shared by the Old Roman, who wired his regrets at the passing of his former associate and directed that a floral tribute be placed on his bier. (Sporting News' death tribute, March 19, 1908, pp. 4, column 2.)

            ---------------------------------------------------------New York Times, January 21, 1890, pp. 5.---------New York Times' obituary, March 15, 1908, pp. S1.

            ----------------------------------------------------------Chicago Daily Tribune, January 22, 1890, pp. 3, column 2.-----Chicago Daily Tribune, March 17, 1908, pp. 8.

            St. Louis Republican' obituary; March 15, 1908, pp. 1.

            Dallas Morning News' obituary, March 16, 1908.


            • #21
              Charles Michael Segar

              Born: October 29, 1903, Liverpool, England
              Died: June 1, 2001, Sun City West, AZ, age 97,---d. natural causes, cremated, buried: Pinelawn Cemetery, Long Island, NY

              Brooklyn / New York sports writer;
              Brooklyn Citizen, 1919 - 1926
              New York Mirror, 1926 - 1946
              Manager of National League Service Bureau, January 2, 1946 - October 8, 1951
              Secretary-Treasurer in Commissioner's office, October 8, 1951 - February, 1971
              Administrator of players' benefit plan,
              Chairman of Players' Rules Committee, 1962 - July 23, 1971
              Blue Book revision committee. Loved golf, movies, TV

              Wife: Elizabeth, born New York around 1906, died May 23, 1971, Saybrooke, Long Island, NY. Charles and Elizabeth married February, 1926. Daughter: Mrs. Joan Barrett. Second Wife: Evelyn.

              The Official History of the National League, 1951

              Charles' photo/entry in Who's Who in Major League Baseball,
              edited by Harold (Speed) Johnson, 1933, pp. 500
              .---Arizonia Republic obituary, June 3, 2001.

              Sun City West (AZ) Daily News-Sun obituary, June 5, 2001.


              • #22
                James Timothy Gallagher---AKA Jim Gallagher

                Born: June 9, 1904, Lorain, OH
                Died: April 9, 2002, Port Republic, VA 24471, age 92

                Chicago / New York sports writer;
                Graduated Notre Dame University (South Bend, IN), 1929
                Lorain Times-Herald
                Mansfield News, (OH)
                Cleveland Times
                South Bend News-Times
                Chicago American, November, 1928 - January, 1941
                Cubs' General Manager, November 14, 1940 - October, 1956
                Cleveland Indians executive (Press bureau VP), 1956 - 1958
                Ad/PR agency, 1957,
                Phillies' farm teams' director, 1958 - 1962
                Commissioner's Office, 1962 - 1974
                Helped developed baseball pension plan & free agency rules.

                Father: James, born Ohio, June, 1869; Mother: Mary, born Ohio around 1868.
                Wife 1: Eva Chittick, born around 1908, married 1933, died February 12, 1966; Wife 2: Mary Elizabeth Cleary, born February 21, 1920, married 1968, died Port Republic, VA, December 23, 1996; Son: James Timothy Gallagher, born around 1942, died August 17, 1960.

                Daily News-Record obituary, (Harrisonburg, VA), April 11, 2002.

                Photo/Entry in Who's Who in Major League Baseball, edited by Harold 'Speed' Johnson, 1933, pp. 500.------Sporting News' obituary, February 26, 1966.

                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Port Republic Cemetery, Port Republic, VA

                1950: Cubs' executives; Jim Gallagher (sitting), Charlie Grimm, Frankie Frisch.

                1950: Cubs' executives; Jim Gallagher, Charlie Grimm, Frankie Frisch.-------------------------------------------November 14, 1940: James Gallagher, Philip Wrigley, Bill Veeck. Appointing Mr. Gallagher the Cubs' GM.


                • #23
                  Wesley Branch Rickey:

                  Born: December 20, 1881, Portsmouth, Ohio
                  Died: December 9, 1965, Columbia, Missouri, age 83

                  Baseball Executive;
                  Attended Ohio Wesleyan University (Delaware, OH), (Law Degree from University of Michigan)
                  ML player, 1905 - 1907
                  St. Louis Browns, manager, 1913 - 1915
                  US Army (chemical unit, France)
                  St. Louis Cardinals, manager, 1919 - 1925
                  St. Louis Cardinals, general manager, 1926 - 1942
                  Brooklyn Dodgers, President / General Manager, 1942 - 1950
                  Pittsburgh Pirates, General Manager, 1951 - 1955

                  wikipedia article--Below is the wikipedia article.
                  Wesley Branch Rickey was an innovative Major League Baseball executive best known for two things: breaking baseball's color barrier by signing the African-American player Jackie Robinson, and later drafting the first Hispanic superstar, Roberto Clemente; and creating the framework to the modern minor league farm system. His many achievements, and somewhat theatrical religiosity, earned him the nickname "The Mahatma".

                  Rickey was born in Portsmouth, Ohio, USA, the son of Frank W. and Emily Thompson Rickey. He was a catcher on the baseball team at Ohio Wesleyan and, in 1903, signed a professional contract with Terre Haute, Indiana of the Class B Central League, making his professional debut on June 20. However, Rickey was not ready for the rigors of the tough Central League and was assigned to Le Mars, Iowa of the Class D Iowa-South Dakota League. Later, he spent two seasons in the major leagues, debuting as a St. Louis Brown in 1905. He hit fairly well, hitting two home runs in the same game on August 6, but fielded poorly, a fatal flaw for a catcher. Sold to the New York Highlanders in 1907, Rickey could neither hit nor field while with the club, and his batting average dropped below .200. One opposing team stole 13 bases while Rickey was behind the plate, setting a record which still stands a century later. Rickey also injured his throwing arm and retired as a player after just one year. (During this period, Rickey also spent two seasons--1904 and 1905--coaching baseball and football and teaching at Allegheny College in Pennsylvania.)

                  For his undergraduate degree, he attended Ohio Wesleyan University in Delaware, Ohio. He received his law degree from the University of Michigan, where he worked as the baseball coach while going to school.

                  He returned to the big leagues in 1913, as a front office executive with the Browns. He was responsible for signing young George Sisler. Rickey became the team's manager for the final 12 games of the season, and managed the team for 2 more full seasons. But the Browns finished under .500 both years and no one was surprised when Rickey was fired in 1916 when new ownership took over the club.

                  Rickey served as an oficer in the US Army in France during the war. He commanded a chemical training unit that included Ty Cobb and Christy Matheson. He then returned to St. Louis in 1919, this time with the Cardinals, to become team president and manager. In 1920, Rickey gave up the team presidency to the Cards' new majority owner, Sam Breadon. He then led the Cardinals on the field for another five seasons, before his firing early in the 1925 season.

                  His 6+ years as a manager were relatively mediocre, although the team posted winning records from 1921-23 and Rickey wisely invested in several minor league baseball clubs, using them to develop future talent for the Cardinals major league roster. He was 43 years old, had been a player, manager and executive in the Major Leagues and had shown no indication whatsoever that he would ever deserve to belong in the Baseball Hall of Fame. But even though he was not the first general manager in Major League Baseball history — his title was business manager — Rickey (as inventor of the farm system) would come to embody the position of the baseball operations executive who mastered scouting, player acquisition and development and business affairs — the definition of the modern GM.

                  Rogers Hornsby replaced Rickey to become a player-manager, and in 1926, his first full year as manager, he led the Cardinals to their first World Series championship.

                  Farm system and other innovations
                  By 1930, Rickey's Cardinals, known as the "Gashouse Gang", were the class of the National League. They won 101 games in 1931 and won the World Series in seven games. The star of the Series that year was rookie Pepper Martin, one of the first Cardinal stars that came from Branch's minor league system. Soon, other minor league graduates joined the team, among them future hall of famers Dizzy Dean and Joe Medwick, and Dean's brother Paul. The Deans and Medwick were integral parts of the 1934 Cardinals, who won the franchise's third World Series title.

                  Commissioner of Baseball Kenesaw Mountain Landis was concerned that Rickey's minor league system was going to ruin the game of baseball by destroying most existing minor league teams, and he twice released over 70 Cardinal minor leaguers in attempts to stop what he perceived to be a cover-up. Despite Judge Landis' best efforts, however, Rickey's minor league system stayed in existence, and similar systems were adopted by every major league team within a few years. Arguably, the farm system saved the minor leagues, by keeping them necessary after the television age began and minor league attendance figures declined.

                  Rickey continued to develop the Cardinals up until the early 1940s. In his final year at St. Louis, 1942, the Cardinals had their best season in franchise history, winning 106 games and the World Series title. The team was led by a new crop of players developed by the Cardinals, two of whom, Enos Slaughter and Stan Musial, became Hall of Famers; and several others, among them future MVP Marty Marion, who were among the best at their position during their eras. Even their manager Billy Southworth was a product of their farm system.

                  Rickey was a good friend of Brooklyn Dodgers general manager Larry MacPhail, himself a sound baseball man. MacPhail was drafted into the army to serve in World War II after the 1942 season, and the Dodgers hired Branch Rickey to replace him as President and GM, ending a tenure of over two decades with the Cardinals.

                  Branch continued being an innovator in his time with Brooklyn. He was responsible for the first full time spring training facility, in Vero Beach, Florida, and encouraged the use of now-commonplace tools such as the batting cage, pitching machines, and batting helmets. He also pioneered the use of statistical analysis in baseball (what is now known as sabermetrics), when he hired statistician Allan Roth as a full-time analyst for the Dodgers in 1947. After viewing Roth's evidence, Rickey promoted the idea that on-base percentage was a more important hitting statistic than batting average. [1] While working under Rickey, Roth was also the first person to provide statistical evidence that platoon effects were real and quantifiable.

                  While with the Dodgers, his son, Branch Jr., was the team's farm director.

                  Breaking the color barrier
                  Rickey's most memorable act with the Dodgers, however, involved breaking baseball's color barrier, which had been in place since the mid-1880s, not as a written rule, but merely a policy. This policy had continued under a succession of baseball leaders, including Landis, who was openly opposed to integrating Major League Baseball for what he regarded as legitimate reasons. Landis died in 1944, and that fact along with changing public attitudes presented an opportunity. On August 28, 1945, Rickey signed Jackie Robinson to a minor league contract. On October 23, 1945, it was announced that Robinson would join the Montreal Royals, the Dodgers' International League affiliate, for the 1946 season. He would end up as the league's batting champion, and led the Royals to a dominant league championship.

                  Branch Rickey signing Jackie Robinson for the Brooklyn DodgersPeople noted that Rickey's determination to desegregate Major League Baseball was born out of a combination of idealism and astute business sense. The idealism was at least partially rooted in an incident involving a team for which Rickey worked early on. An African-American player was extremely upset at being refused accommodation at the hotel where the team stayed because of his race. The business element was based on the fact that the Negro Leagues had numerous star athletes, and logically, the first Major League team to hire them would get first pick of the players at a reasonable price. At the time, Mexican brewery czar Jorge Pasquel was raiding the US for black talent (eg: Satchel Paige) as well as disgruntled white players, for the Mexican League with the idea of creating an integrated league that could compete on a talent level with the US major leagues.

                  Five days before the start of the 1947 season, Rickey purchased Jackie Robinson's contract from the minor leagues. Amid much fanfare, Jackie debuted for the Dodgers on April 15, 1947, becoming the first African-American to play in modern major league baseball. Rickey's "Great Experiment", as it was termed, turned out to be a fantastic success. Robinson was baseball's first rookie of the year, and while he was often jeered by opposing baseball players, managers, and fans, he became extremely popular with the American public. His success became the crowning achievement of Rickey's illustrious career. His Dodgers would make the Series that year, losing in 7 games to the New York Yankees. But Rickey's vision and action had set the stage for the previously mediocre Dodgers to be contenders for decades to come. And it opened the door for other innovative leaders like Bill Veeck of the Cleveland Indians, who integrated the American League soon thereafter.

                  It should be noted that Branch Rickey did not pay the Kansas City Monarchs for Robinson's services, unlike Bill Veeck who paid Effa Manley for Larry Doby.

                  Later career
                  Rickey continued to run the Dodgers until he resigned in 1950, with owner Walter O'Malley, in some ways, forcing him out. He was not out of a job long, however, as he signed with the Pittsburgh Pirates to become their general manager in 1951. Unlike his years with St. Louis and with Brooklyn, his tenure with the Pirates was fairly uneventful. The Pirates were a struggling organization that lost 100 games in 3 consecutive years during his tenure, and he stepped down from the team in 1955, but not before drafting and signing Roberto Clemente. It would only be after he left that the Pirates would become contenders again. During his tenure, Rickey, along with three Pittsburgh-area businessmen, funded the incorporation of Fellowship of Christian Athletes, which is now the largest interdenominational school-based Christian sports organization in the United States.

                  Rickey returned to baseball in 1959, this time as president of a proposed third major league, the Continental League. Major League Baseball was forced to intervene, and made an agreement with Rickey to disband the league in exchange for expansion of the existing leagues.

                  In the early 1960's, Rickey tried to make one more attempt with major league baseball, returning to the Cardinals as an unofficial "assistant" to owner Gussie Busch. This last attempt proved to be a failure, as Rickey was seen by the team and management as an aging, meddling outsider who was more concerned with his own advancement than the team's success. His sole year as Busch's confidante (where he misguidedly pushed Busch to fire manager Johnny Keane and replace him with Leo Durocher, which backfired when Keane led the Cardinals to the 1964 world championship) proved to be his last in major league baseball--a sad end to a tremendously influential career.

                  Rickey became a public speaker in his later years. He collapsed in the middle of a speech in Columbia, Missouri as he was being elected to the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame. He died a month later on December 9, 1965.

                  Rickey was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame as a contributor in 1967. In 1997 he was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame.

                  Branch Rickey is attributed with the famous quotation: "Luck is the residue of opportunity and design." (Quoted by Larry King 7/12/2006.) His descendents also became involved in baseball: his son, Branch Jr., who died four years before his father, and Branch Rickey III, currently president of the Pacific Coast League.
                  Last edited by Bill Burgess; 09-07-2011, 12:36 PM.


                  • #24
                    Gabriel Howard Paul---AKA Gabe Paul

                    Born: January 4, 1910, Rochester, NY
                    Died: April 26, 1998, age 88

                    Baseball Executive; Jewish
                    Cincinnati Reds' Traveling Secretary, 1937 - January 6, 1944
                    WW II military service, January 6, 1944? - ?
                    Cincinnati Reds' Traveling Secretary, September 23, 1946? - August 4, 1948?
                    Cincinnati Reds' VP, January 4, 1949? - 1951
                    Cincinnati Reds' GM, 1951 - 1960
                    Houston Colts 45 GM, 1960 - April, 1961
                    Cleveland Indians' GM, April, 1961 - 1973
                    New York Yankees' GM, 1973 - 1977
                    Cleveland Indians' GM, 1978 - 1984

                    Gabriel Howard Paul (January 4, 1910 – April 26, 1998) was an American executive in Major League Baseball who served as general manager of three teams and, perhaps most famously, as president of the New York Yankees under George Steinbrenner during the 1970s.

                    Early life and career
                    Born in Rochester, New York, Paul, who was Jewish, got his start in the game at age 10 as a batboy for the Rochester Tribe of the AA International League and later attended Monroe High School. Eventually, he worked for Warren Giles, who became business manager of the renamed Rochester Red Wings when the St. Louis Cardinals purchased the team in 1928. When Giles took over the front office of the Cincinnati Reds in 1937, Paul became the Reds’ traveling secretary.

                    After returning from military service during World War II, Paul was promoted to vice president.

                    Cincinnati Reds general manager
                    In 1951, when Giles was elected president of the National League, Paul took his old mentor's job as Cincinnati general manager. The Reds were then a losing outfit with a weak farm system. Paul rebuilt the minor league department and began to scout and sign African-American and Latin American players. In 1956 at age 20, Frank Robinson, the club's first black superstar, had the best rookie season in NL history, hitting 38 home runs, scoring a league-leading 122 runs, and compiling an OPS of .936. In 1958, Cincinnati unveiled another star rookie outfielder, Vada Pinson, who would enjoy a long MLB career and, with Robinson, help lead the 1961 Reds to the National League pennant. Paul also signed a working agreement with the Havana Sugar Kings of the Triple-A International League, giving the team access to top Cuban talent such as shortstop Leo Cardenas and future "Big Red Machine" icon Tony Pérez. In addition, the Reds produced Cuban stars such as outfielder Tony González, second baseman Cookie Rojas, and pitcher Mike Cuellar — among many others — who made their mark with other MLB clubs.

                    The Cincinnati team of the mid-1950s — then temporarily nicknamed the Redlegs because of the anti-communism of the time — captured the country's imagination as a team of sluggers. With a lineup that included Robinson, Ted Kluszewski, Gus Bell, Wally Post and Ed Bailey, the 1956 Redlegs hit 221 home runs and won 91 games to finish third, only two games behind the pennant-winning Brooklyn Dodgers. Paul was named Executive of the Year. The following year, Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick had to intervene when Cincinnati fans "stuffed" the ballot box and elected a virtually all-Redleg starting lineup to the National League All-Star team.

                    The Reds failed to improve upon their 1956 mark during Paul’s tenure, however, and after a disappointing 1960 season, Paul resigned to become the first general manager of the expansion Houston Colt .45s.

                    Houston Colt .45s/Cleveland Indians executive

                    Paul brought to Houston fellow Cincinnati executives Tal Smith and Bill Giles and began to lay the foundation for the team's 1962 debut, but he did not stay long. He clashed with majority owner Roy Hofheinz and reportedly had a standing offer from the Cleveland Indians to take over their front office, following the resignation of Frank Lane. So in April 1961, Paul returned to Ohio to assume command of the Indians, leaving the Colt .45s almost 12 months before the team ever played an official game.

                    The Indians of the early 1960s were a middle-echelon team in the American League that had contended for a pennant only twice (1955 and 1959) since its 1954 AL title. The team had lost its most popular gate attraction, slugger Rocky Colavito, in a Lane-engineered trade just before the 1960 season and the young players summoned from the team's farm system failed to capture the city's imagination. On November 26, 1962, Paul became a part-owner in the team, as well as president, treasurer and general manager, but the Indians continued to tread water in the standings and struggled badly at the gate. On multiple occasions, the club was rumored to be headed elsewhere. In 1964, the Indians' board of directors authorized Paul to investigate transferring the franchise to one of three cities: Oakland, Dallas or Seattle. But a new stadium lease with the city of Cleveland staved off the move.

                    On the field, Paul brought to Cleveland pitching stars Sam McDowell and Luis Tiant and, in 1965, reacquired Colavito in a bid to win more games, and more fans. But, after an encouraging 1968 season, the Indians plummeted in the standings. For a while, Paul gave up his general manager title to field manager Alvin Dark in an effort to change the club's fortunes.

                    New York Yankees club president/general manager

                    Finally, in 1973, Paul sold his interest in the Indians and became part of Steinbrenner’s Cleveland-based syndicate that purchased the Yankees from CBS. Installed as club president that year after the April departure of minority owner Michael Burke and the year-end departure of GM/interim president Lee MacPhail, Paul helped Steinbrenner rebuild the once-proud Yankees into a champion. The team won its first American League pennant in 12 years in 1976 and its first world championship since 1962 the following year.

                    The key to re-building the Yankees was a series of trades that Paul pulled off. He acquired in succession: Graig Nettles, Chris Chambliss, Dick Tidrow and Oscar Gamble from his former team, the Indians; Lou Piniella from the Royals; Mickey Rivers and Ed Figueroa from the Angels; Willie Randolph, Ken Brett and Dock Ellis from the Pirates; and Bucky Dent from the White Sox. He also signed Catfish Hunter and Reggie Jackson as free agents.

                    Paul, whose nickname was the "Smiling Cobra" for his expertise in trades, had his enemies, among them influential Cleveland radio host Pete Franklin, who said of Paul, "Gabe was a master at working the room, of getting to know everybody and knowing where all the bodies are. The thing about Gabe was that while he did work for an owner, he always found a way to get a piece of the team himself. Then it became damn near impossible to fire him because he was part-owner. Gabe's greatest gift was the ability to take care of Gabe." The Yankees were able to beat the Los Angeles Dodgers in the 1977 World Series, Paul's only World Series victory.

                    The 1977 season, however, was Paul's last in the Bronx.

                    Return to the Cleveland Indians

                    After Al Rosen was brought into the Bronx as a senior executive in fall 1977—crowding Paul's authority much as Paul's presence did Mike Burke—Paul returned to Cleveland as president of the Indians in 1978. But he could never rouse the Tribe from their doldrums.

                    Paul retired in 1984 after almost 60 years in the game. He died at the age of 88 in Tampa, Florida.

                    Paul was played by actor Kevin Conway in the 2007 ESPN television mini-series The Bronx Is Burning.
                    Gabe Paul (Baseball. Born, Rochester, N.Y., Jan. 4, 1910; died, Tampa, Fla., Apr. 26, 1998.) A major league executive for nearly a half-century, Gabriel Howard Paul reestablished the Yankees as a dominant force in baseball. Paul became president and de facto general manager of the Yankees when a syndicate headed by George Steinbrenner (q.v.) bought the club in 1973. He had previously been with the Cincinnati Reds for 24 years (1936-60) and vice president and general manager from 1951 when Warren Giles (q.v.) became president of the N.L. Paul moved to Cleveland as club president in 1960 and then to the Yankees in January 1973. During his stay with the Yankees, he acquired righthander Ed Figueroa, outfielders Mickey Rivers and Lou Piniella, and infielders Willie Randolph and Chris Chambliss, among others. With the help of free agent signees Catfish Hunter, Don Gullett, and Reggie Jackson, the Yankees in 1977 won their first World Series since 1962. Paul resigned in January 1978 to return to Cleveland for a second tour as Indians president (1978-84). The Yankees, with the nucleus of Paul’s team, won another world championship in 1978. (The Bill Shannon Biographical Dictionary of New York Sports is an open database of sports biographies maintained by Jordan Sprechman and Marty Appel.(

                    1953: Buster Wills, Gabe Paul, Rogers Hornsby, Ford Barrison.
                    Last edited by Bill Burgess; 11-14-2011, 07:37 PM.


                    • #25
                      The man Babe came to see as his adversary in contract talks. Yankees' GM, Ed Barrow.

                      Edward Grant Barrow
                      Born: May 10, 1868, Springfield, IL
                      Died: December 15, 1953, Port Chester, NY, age 85, buried at Kensico Cemetery, Vallalla, NY

                      Baseball Executive;
                      Detroit Tigers' manager, 1903-04,
                      Boston Red Sox' manager, December 13, 1917-October 29, 1920
                      New York Yankees' GM/Business Manager, October 19, 1920 - 1939
                      New York Yankees' President, January 17, 1939 - February, 1945.

                      Wife: Frances Elizabeth (Fannie Taylor), born Toronto, Canada around 1882, died October 28, 1957 at White Plains, NY.

                      At Harry Hooper's pressure, converted star pitcher Babe Ruth to OF (1918-19). While GM of the New York Yankees', they won 14 pennants, 10 World Series wins, had decisive influence over Yankee owner Jake Ruppert. In his 1951 autobiography, stressed he'd never even considered offering Babe Ruth a job with the Yankees after his playing days ended due to Babe's past misbehavior towards Huggins & McCarthy, whose job Babe coveted.

                      ------------------------------------------------------------------------1933 Who's Who in Major League Baseball, edited by Harold (Speed) Johnson.

                      1923: L-R: Miller Huggins, Jake Ruppert, Ed Barrow.

                      1940.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------March 4, 1927: Babe Ruth, Ed Barrow (standing), Colonel Jake Ruppert. Babe signed for a $210,000. package for 3 yrs.

                      Last edited by Bill Burgess; 09-07-2011, 12:01 PM.


                      • #26
                        Originally posted by Bill Burgess View Post

                        Now. The important link here, for our purposes, in the slight 11 month interval between Landis dying and Rickey approaching Robinson. Rickey knew that Landis didn't like his farm team system. Fought him all the way on it. Also there had been a covert meeting among the owners about Rickey bringing in Robinson. All opposed him. But the difference was that now that Landis was dead, Rickey felt he could at last do it and not be over-ruled.

                        Rickey might not have been doing it to advance social progress. Perhaps he only was doing it to bring pennants to Brooklyn. But still, he felt he had to wait until Landis died to attempt his bold move.
                        Rickey wasn't waiting for Landis to die to integrate baseball. He was waiting for the war to end (probably so the first black player wouldn't look like a Pete Gray type stunt). Rickey had approached the Brooklyn Trust Company in 1943 with his plans for integrating the game and they approved as long as it was approached as a financial experiment and not a social experiment.

                        If Landis were still alive in 1945 I doubt if he would have tried to stop Robinson's signing for fear of being sued by Rickey and the Dodgers. It's impossible to tell what Landis's reaction to integration would have been because no owner seriously attempted it while he was Commissioner. I think that if he had pushed for it he would have been fored by the owners because it doesn't appear that any of them wanted it. My guess is that based on Landis's strong support of a Minor League independent of the Majors he would have preferred to see the Negro Leagues independent of the Majors also so that they could remain a fabric of local black communities.


                        • #27
                          Emil Joseph Bavasi---AKA Buzzie Bavasi

                          Born: December 12, 1914, Manhattan, NY
                          Died: May 1, 2008, La Jolla, CA, age 93

                          Baseball Executive;
                          Attended DePauw University (Greencastle, IN)
                          Brooklyn Dodgers, Publicity Director, 1939 - 1951
                          Brooklyn Dodgers, General Manager, 1951 - 1969
                          San Diego Padres, President, 1969 - 1977
                          California Angels, General Manager, 1978 - 1984, retired.

                          Emil Joseph "Buzzie" Bavasi (pronounced /bəˈveɪzi/; December 12, 1914 – May 1, 2008) was an American executive in Major League Baseball who played a major role in the operation of three franchises from the late 1940s through the mid-1980s.

                          He was best known as the general manager of the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers from 1951 to 1968, during which time the team captured eight National League pennants and its first four World Series titles. He was previously a key figure in the integration of minor league baseball in the late 1940s while working for the Dodgers organization. He went on to become the first general manager of the San Diego Padres, and assembled the California Angels teams which made that franchise's first two postseason appearances. His sons Peter Bavasi and Bill Bavasi have also served as major league general managers.

                          Early life
                          Born Emil Joseph Bavasi in Manhattan, New York City, New York, his sister Iola ("Lolly") nicknamed him Buzzie because his mother said he was "always buzzing around." Bavasi was raised in Scarsdale, New York by Joseph and Sue Bavasi. Joseph, his immigrant father, was a newspaper distributor. He went to high school at Fordham Preparatory School, in the Bronx, with Fred Frick, the son of Ford Frick, president of the National League.

                          He attended DePauw University, in Greencastle, Indiana, where he was a catcher. At DePauw he roomed with Fred Frick, and Ford Frick recommended Bavasi for office boy position for the Dodgers to Larry MacPhail.

                          Bavasi was hired by Larry MacPhail in 1938, for $35 a week, to become a front office assistant with the Brooklyn Dodgers, and after one year was named the business manager of the Dodgers' Class D minor league team in Americus, Georgia, were he spent three seasons. In 1941 he moved to Durham, North Carolina Class B team of the Dodgers and married his wife, Evit.

                          After being drafted, he won a Bronze Star Medal in the Italian Campaign of World War II as machine-gunner in the United States Army.

                          In late 1945, after serving 18 months, Staff Sargent Bavasi returned to Georgia to rest with his family. While there, Dodgers president Branch Rickey telephoned and asked Bavasi to become business manager of a new minor-league baseball team in the New England League, and to find a suitable city in which to place the club.

                          Baseball integration
                          Although Bavasi did not know for certain, he suspected that Rickey, who had started to integrate the Dodgers' farm system with the signing of Jackie Robinson the previous October, might be planning to sign more African Americans to contracts. If that was the case, the Dodgers needed a low-level minor-league team outside the American South to which to assign these players. Ultimately, Bavasi chose Nashua, New Hampshire. With fewer than 35,000 people, Nashua would be the smallest market in the New England League, and fewer than fifty African Americans resided in the community. However, the Nashua Dodgers were assured of a predominantly French Canadian fan base, a fact which both Rickey and Bavasi believed would help in the integration of African Americans into minor league baseball. Additionally, Nashua was home to the relatively new Holman Stadium, which Bavasi was able to lease from the city.

                          In March 1946, Bavasi received word that Brooklyn had signed former Negro League ballplayers Roy Campanella and Don Newcombe, and that they would be sent to Nashua for the season. Bavasi spent nearly a month planning for their arrival, naming Nashua Telegraph publisher Fred Dobens to the position of President of the Nashua Dodgers to ensure the newspaper's support for the integration project; Dobens's newspaper did not release any word of the signings until April. Bavasi also publicly linked the team to Clyde Sukeforth, who had scouted Campanella, Newcombe, and Jackie Robinson for Rickey and who had played minor-league baseball in Nashua in the mid-1920s. He promoted the team's French Canadian connection through his team's Quebec-born players, and even attempted to hire Frenchy Bordagaray to manage the team (eventually he settled on Walter Alston).

                          The 1946 season was a successful one. The Nashua Dodgers placed second in the league and won the Governor's Cup, defeating the Lynn Red Sox. In terms of attendance, Nashua also proved successful, in part because of Bavasi's imaginative promotional skills. The league saw few racially motivated incidents, with two exceptions. Campanella has claimed that Manchester Giants catcher Sal Yvars threw dirt in his face during a game at Manchester Athletic Field (Gill Stadium), but the incident was resolved on the field (though Yvars has denied that the incident took place). More seriously, players and the manager of the Lynn Red Sox hurled racial slurs and insults at Campanella and Newcombe, particularly late in the season when the two clubs were locked in a tight pennant race. On one occasion, Bavasi was so enraged by the comments of the Red Sox that he met Lynn's manager and players in the Holman Stadium parking lot and challenged them to a fight. Players restrained Bavasi and the Lynn manager, and the Lynn team boarded their bus without further incident.
                          As a result of their success in Nashua, Bavasi, Campanella, and Alston all were promoted to teams in higher-level leagues in 1947, and Newcombe followed in 1948.

                          After Nashua
                          By 1948, Bavasi had become general manager of the Montreal Royals, the Dodgers' top farm team. Around that time, as a result of continued prejudice against Brooklyn's African American ballplayers during spring training, Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley sent Bavasi to find property at which to establish a permanent spring training facility. Bavasi chose a site outside Vero Beach, Florida, at which to establish Dodgertown, anchored by the newly constructed Holman Stadium. The Dodgers continued to train there virtually without interruption through 2008 before moving to a new facility in Glendale, Arizona.

                          He was promoted to the position of Dodgers general manager before the 1951 season. In his nearly 18 years as the Dodgers' GM, the team won 8 National League pennants – including the first four World Series titles in franchise history, three of them after the team's move to Los Angeles in 1958 (A move that Bavasi was not in favor of.). After the team won the Series in 1959, in only their second year in Los Angeles, The Sporting News named Bavasi the Major League Executive of the Year.

                          In 1968, Bavasi resigned from the Dodgers to become president and part owner of the expansion San Diego Padres, serving until 1977; his son Peter was then running the Toronto Blue Jays, making the Bavasis the first father and son to run two different major league teams at the same time. After the 1977 season, Gene Autry hired him to be executive vice president and general manager of the California Angels. Bavasi retired in 1984 after the Angels reached the playoffs twice during his tenure.
                          His son Bill is the former general manager of the Seattle Mariners; son Peter held president or general manager positions with the Padres, Blue Jays and Cleveland Indians during the 1970s and 1980s; and another son, Chris, formerly served as mayor of Flagstaff, Arizona, and with his wife, Evit, the couple had a fourth son Bob.

                          In 2007, Bavasi was also inducted by the San Diego Hall of Champions into the Breitbard Hall of Fame honoring San Diego's finest athletes both on and off the playing surface.

                          Bavasi died on May 1, 2008 in San Diego, California, near his home in La Jolla, aged 93.

                          --------------------------------August 10, 1979: Buzzie/Walter O'Malley----1953: Buzzie, Pee Wee Reese, Jackie Robinson, Roy Campanella (NYC Hotel Lexington).
                          Last edited by Bill Burgess; 09-07-2011, 02:48 PM.


                          • #28
                            Robert F. Holbrook---AKA Bob Holbrook

                            Born: January 29, 1919, Boston, MA
                            Died: January 13, 2004, Newton, MA, age 84,---d. St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Boston,MA

                            Boston sports writer;
                            Boston Globe, 1936 - 1965
                            Began with Boston Globe as copy boy in 1936, after graduating HS.
                            Began covering sports in 1940, when he reported his 1st ML game.
                            After WWII army service, covered both Boston Braves/Red Sox.
                            Still covered Red Sox by 1962, when promoted to associate sports editor.
                            Executive Assistant/Secretary to 3 AL Presidents, 1965 - 1985.
                            Consultant to league, 1985 to 1990.
                            Later worked briefly as public relations assistant for the Boston Red Sox.
                            One birth record listed his middle name as Cottle, same as his mother's maiden name.

                            Father: Harry Tracy; Mother: Anna Florence 'Annie' Cottle;

                            -----------------------------------1972------------------------------------------------------April 18, 1958

                            American League Rookie of the Year. Boston: Carlton Fisk, Boston Red Sox Catcher (L) receives the Ford C. Frick Award.
                            as the 1972 American League Rookie of the Year from Bob Holbrook, Executive Asst. of the league, Fenway Park.
                            Last edited by Bill Burgess; 12-28-2013, 08:35 AM.


                            • #29
                              Edmund Power Cunningham

                              Born: February 11, 1888, Worcester, Massachusetts
                              Died: March 30, 1969, Boston, MA, age 80,---d. at University Hospital in Boston, MA.

                              Boston sports writer;
                              Holy Cross College (Brookline, MA),
                              Worcester Telegram, 1912
                              Rochester Railway Flagman, (June 5, 1917 WWI Civilian Draft Registration)
                              Boston Herald, sports writer,1917-23
                              Boston Traveler, sports editor, 1923 - 1926
                              Boston Braves' secretary, 1926 - 1935

                              Father: Peter, born MA in April, 1857, was telegrapher in 1900; Mother: Mary A., born MA, August, 1861.

                              His photo/entry in Who's Who in Major League Baseball, edited by Harold (Speed) Johnson, 1933, pp. 47.------------1932.----------Sporting News' obituary, April 19, 1969, pp. 44.

                              1926-35: Fred Mitchell (Braves' business manager), Judge Emil Fuches (Braves' owner), Ed Cunningham (Braves' Secretary)
                              Last edited by Bill Burgess; 01-23-2013, 08:13 PM.


                              • #30
                                William Louis Veeck, Sr.---AKA Bill Veeck Bill started out as a sports writer. (Name rhymes with wreck.)

                                President: Chicago Cubs, 1918 - 1933

                                Born: January 20, 1878, Boonvelle, IN
                                Died: October 5, 1933, Chicago, IL, age 55;---d. influenza/leukemia

                                Louisville sports writer, Chicago President (1918-33)
                                Louisville Courier-Journal, sports writer
                                Chicago American, sports writer, 1917

                                William Veeck, Sr. was a sports writer and baseball executive. He was president of Chicago Cubs from 1919 to his death in October, 1933. Under Veeck's leadership, the Cubs won three pennants, in 1918, 1929, and 1932.

                                Veeck was a sportswriter for the Chicago's American in 1917 when Cubs owner William Wrigley Jr. hired him to be vice-president of the baseball club. Having won the National League pennant in 1918, Wrigley promoted him to president of the club in July, 1919. Veeck was also the father of Bill Veeck, who is best known for his time at the reins of the Chicago White Sox and Cleveland Indians, and for sending the midget Eddie Gaedel to bat while owning the St. Louis Browns.

                                Veeck resided in the Chicago suburb of Hinsdale, Illinois

                                Bill's bio/photo (below) as they appeared in 1933's Who's Who
                                in Major League Baseball, edited by Harold (Speed) Johnson -------L-R: Tom Shibe, Judge Landis, William L. Veeck, September 10, 1929

                                Saturday, February 25, 1933 Catalina Island, CA: William Veeck, Chicago Cubs president,
                                talks things over with Cubs Manager Jolly Cholly Grimm as spring training begins.


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